Name That Disorder
This activity presents case studies in which individuals suffer from symptoms of psychological disorders.
Case Study 1
Irene occasionally experiences unpredictable episodes of intense dread, accompanied by chest pains and a sensation of smothering or choking. Her symptoms have no apparent physical cause.
Case Study 1: DIAGNOSISIrene suffers from
Case Study 2
Case Study 2: DIAGNOSISJason suffers from
Case Study 3
Although she escaped from war-torn Iraq two years ago, Lila still has detailed haunting memories and nightmares.
Case Study 3: DIAGNOSISLila suffers from
post-traumatic stress disorder
Case Study 4
One day Matt felt optimistic, energetic, and on top of the world. A few days later he felt hopeless and lethargic. He thought that the future looked very grim.
Case Study 4: DIAGNOSISMatt suffers from
Case Study 5
Claiming that she heard a voice commanding her to warn other people that eating is harmful, Sandy attempts to convince others restaurant patrons not to eat. The psychiatrist to whom she is referred finds that Sandy’s thinking and speech are often fragmented and incoherent. In addition, Sandy has an unreasonable fear that someone is “out to get her.” Consequently, she trusts no one.
Case Study 5: DIAGNOSISSandy suffers from
Case Study 6
Bob has never been able to keep a job. He’s been in and out of jail for charges such as theft, sexual assault, and spousal abuse however if you were to meet Bob he can at times seem very charming.
Case Study 6: DIAGNOSISBob suffers from
antisocial personality disorder
Case Study 7
Sadie is so fearful of being overwhelmed by anxiety that she rarely steps outside her apartment. The thought of going shopping and getting lost in a crowd terrifies her, so she has her groceries delivered. Because of her fear, she earns her living as a freelance writer and works at home.
Case Study 7: DIAGNOSISSadie suffers from
Case Study 8
For the last month Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable.
Case Study 8: DIAGNOSISGabrielle suffers from
major depressive disorder
Case Study 9
Lorna’s thoughts are extremely random and when she speaks it is often in a very confusing manner with words out of order and meaningless. She seems to have totally lost touch with reality.
Case Study 9: DIAGNOSISLorna suffers from
Case Study 10
Bob has an irrational fear of feathers. Whenever he sees one he shakes and cries and looks for a way to escape. As a result he avoids any place where he might see a feather on the ground.
Case Study 10: DIAGNOSISBob suffers from
Case Study 11
After the death of his wife from cancer, Robert wakes up one day thinking he is a different person, moves to another state and starts a new life.
Case Study 11: DIAGNOSISRobert suffers from
Case Study 12
Richard loses the ability to use his left hand. Doctors can find no physical cause for this.
Case Study 12: DIAGNOSISRichard suffers from
Case Study 13
Jordan constantly worries over his work, relationships and finances for no particular reason. This has been lasting for more than 6 months.
Case Study 13: DIAGNOSISJordan suffers from
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Case Study 14
Daniel has a cough that he convinced means he is suffering from Tuberculosis. He also has an upset stomach which he feels is probably a sign of stomach cancer.
Case Study 14: DIAGNOSISDaniel suffers from
Case Study 15
James stares off into the distance and rarely moves his body. At times he suddenly becomes agitated and then resumes standing in uncomfortable positions for long periods of time.
Case Study 15: DIAGNOSISJames suffers from
Case Study 16
Harold really wants to have a relationship with another person but he is so scared that he may say or do something embarrassing that he retreats from social contact. Harold is extremely shy.
Case Study 16: DIAGNOSISHarold suffers from
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Case Study 17
Julie has no interest in having relationships with other people. She seems to lack emotion when it comes to other people. She considers herself a loner and has few friends.
Case Study 17: DIAGNOSISJulie suffers from
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Case Study 18
Jan is extremely distrustful and suspicious of others and constantly thinks that people are “out to get her.” She sees people’s behaviors as threatening even when they obviously are not. She does however have a good understanding of reality and does not have hallucinations.
Case Study 18: DIAGNOSISJan suffers from
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Case Study 19
Following a horrible light saber fight with his recently revealed father, Luke cannot remember the fight or the fact that his father revealed himself to be the evil Darth Vader.
Case Study 19: DIAGNOSISLuke suffers from
Case Study 20
While Jimmy was being severely abused as a child he would pretend to be another person. Later, as an adult Jimmy switches back and forth between different identities whenever he is under severe stress.
Case Study 20: DIAGNOSISJimmy suffers from
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Case Study 21
While waiting for the ambulance to arrive after his car crash, Tim feels as if he is having an out of body experience and observing the entire accident scene from above. Afterwards he finds himself doing this whenever he is under great stress.
Case Study 21: DIAGNOSISTim suffers from
Causes of Disorder
Tell which school of psychology would agree with the following descriptions
Biology – Learning/Behavioral – Cognitive - Psychoanalytic
This perspective would say that disorders are caused by some sort of chemical imbalance in the brain or a genetic flaw.
Disorders are caused by hidden urges or anxiety in the unconsciousness usually caused by childhood issues.
Disorders are the result of a child observing a disordered role model behave and then copying those behaviors.
Learning/Behavioral – Observational Learning
This perspective says that abnormal behavior is rewarded or reinforced making the person more likely to do it in the future.
Learning/Behavior – Operant Conditioning
This explanation says that something that was previously neutral (car) can become something you are scared of if it is paired with something (accident) that causes fear.
Learning/Behavior – Classical Conditioning
Which treatment is being described?
Biomedical – Behaviorist – Cognitive – Psychoanalysis - Humanistic
This treatment would traditionally treat someone with a drug to help them with a neurotransmitter deficiency or over abundance.
This treatment uses unconditional positive regard, active listening and empathy to help create an environment where the patient will be able to understand themselves better and use this to make better decisions in the future.
This Treatment would be when a therapist would challenge a client’s irrational beliefs or thoughts and help the client to first recognize and then change these to be more realistic and less harmful.
This treatment would use electroconvulsive therapy for treatment of severely depressed and suicidal patients.
This treatment would use free association, dream analysis and hypnosis in an effort to get the client to transfer their unconscious conflicts onto the therapist where they can then be worked out.
This treatment aims to teach the client a new behavior using modeling techniques, progressive relaxation and visualization, reinforcement and counter conditioning.
How do we define “abnormal behavior”
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